by rolling from one side to the other and simply can not find sleep . Many people know That feeling . About 20 out of 100 people are affected by problems with falling to fall or and staying asleep. Thus include sleep disturbances among the most common health complaints of all times.
At best, sleep disorders are tied to specific situations and do not last long. The problem arises when sleep is disturbed permanently and substantially affected the quality of life of those affected.
Sleep has different functions . First, it serves to recover at night to be optimally efficient during the day. sleeping influenced also the immune system and also helps to transform learning and experienced in the day to the memory solidify. Sleep disorders have a negative impact for these important functions.
A healthy sleep consists of regular sequences, the so-called sleep phases : In this case, a specific sequence of different phases during sleep repeated again and again, the exact duration of the sleep stages and the repetition rate are individually different.
A distinction is made between sleep disorders:
- Insomnia (sleeplessness)
- Hypersomnia (increased need for sleep)
- Parasomnia (unusual behavior during sleep)
- sleep-disordered breathing (eg, sleep apnea )
- sleep-related movement disorders (eg restless legs syndrome )
- circadian rhythm disorders (disorders of the sleep-wake rhythm).
Not every sleep disorder is a problem. Especially if the sleep disorder occurs only acute, for example, in the case of jet lag , it is not generally problematic. Is sleep but periodically or continuously disturbed, can have health consequences. Heavy and prolonged sleep for example increase the risk for cardiovascular disease . But even mild sleep lasting affect performance, interfere with concentration and may adversely affect the mental state of the person concerned.
Sleep disorders can result or concomitant diseases to be (so-called. Secondary sleep disorder ) – such as heart disease , mental illness and others. But they can also be an independent phenomenon (so-called. Primary sleep disorder ), that is, there is no organic or psychological causes. Primary insomnia can have many causes, such as alcohol , drugs, or drugs , for example, but also changing life situations or shift work.
Sleeping pills can help with acute insomnia, but correct only the immediate symptoms. Remember they are not a solution. Sleep disorders are usually treated with behavioral therapy techniques. Relaxation techniques like autogenous training and progressive muscle relaxation can support the therapy.
WHAT SLEEP DISORDERS ARE THERE? WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON SLEEP DISORDER AND HOW MANY SLEEP DISORDERS ARE THERE REALLY?