How are we (usually) tired and want to sleep, and that we wake up in the morning and have “all” energy (we hope so)? This all has to do with the creation of sleep and waakhormons. The sleeping hormone melatonin plays an important role here. But what is this hormone exactly and what does it do?
Your body uses hormones daily: dusts with different functions that control all kinds of processes in the body. One of those hormones is melatonin and is produced in the pineal gland, a small area in the brain.
Melatonin is also called sleep hormone . The most important function is therefore to control the natural sleep wake rhythm . Simply put, this hormone determines when you get tired and sleep.
Production and function of melatonin
The function? You are getting sleepy! Melatonin slows down the respiratory system and lowers body temperature. That’s how your body knows the night and prepares to sleep. The production of melatonin has to do with two things: your biological clock and the amount of light . At a normal rhythm you sleep in the evening when it’s dark and wake up during the day when it’s light. This is your biological clock.This then determines the production of melatonin. Light has influence on this production. During the night it is dark and the amount of melatonin in your body is highest. In the morning it becomes lighter and decreases production and the production of watch hormones.
Melatonin as a supplement
Has your sleep rhythm been disturbed? Are you falling asleep or waking up too early? Then you can swallow melatonin as a supplement to sleep better. This supplement can be used in various forms of insomnia .
If your body does not make the right amount of melatonin at the right time, then you can “manipulate” yourself. Melatonin is also often used as a sleeper when the biological clock is confused by, for example, jet lag or alternate day and night services. In addition, I do not mention manipulation for anything, be aware that you will interfere with a process that your body should handle. You may imagine that you can also confuse your body by determining it yourself. So do not start it!
Function of melatonin as a supplement
You can buy melatonin in the form of tablets or capsules at the pharmacy with a prescription from the GP, but you can also get it without a prescription at the drugstore. In the latter case, it is a nutritional supplement and often has a different name.
How to use it depends on when your body naturally creates melatonin. Always keep the right dose. Melatonin tablets may have the necessary side effects – as with all other medicines and supplements. Think of vivid dreams , low body temperature, irritability and even sleep problems!
Therefore, it is best to consult your doctor if the use of melatonin is appropriate for you, which is the best time to take it and what the right dose is.
Finally, an interesting note: The production of melatonin can also be promoted by nutrition .