Do men and women sleep differently?
In general, men sleep faster and better than women, on the other hand men are more sensitive to sleep deprivation because men spend on average shorter nights. Women are more likely to sleep in sleep and wake up on average over the night.
But what does it mean that women’s sleep quality is usually worse? What factors are affected and characterize the sleep behavior of men and women …
Different sleep behavior men and women
Both hormonal and psychosocial differences between men and women determine the difference in sleep behavior. In this article I will briefly highlight them.
Varying hormone levels can greatly affect sleep. In women’s sleep behavior, the hormones estrogen and progesterone play a major role.Estrogen increases REM sleep and progesterone causes sleepy and tired feeling. You could say that estrogen thus has a positive effect on effective sleep . A decrease of the estrogen mirror then has a negative effect on REM sleep and sleep quality . A decrease in the hormone progesterone can make you sleepier.
WOMEN GENERALLY SLEEP WORSE DURING THE FOLLOWING PERIODS:
During the menstrual cycle
Just before menstruation, a significant decrease in progesterone occurs, making women’s sleep more restless.
During the first few months of pregnancy, progesterone levels in women are much higher, which makes you more tired and need more sleep.During these first three months, a pregnant woman is still uncomfortable with the growing belly, which allows for a comfortable sleepingposition. The stomach will of course become bigger and from a month or four, it will be able to counteract a comfortable sleeping position .During the last few months of pregnancy, most sleep problems usually occur. In addition to the ever-increasing belly, stomach acid , muscle cramps and restless leg syndrome are known sleep disturbances during the final phase of pregnancy .
During the transition
During the transition both estrogen and progesterone levels decrease, which often causes a deterioration in sleep quality. The changing estrogen levels provide most women with the well-known hot flashes , an unexpectedly emerging feeling of warmth and sweating. Hot flushes can also occur during sleep. Due to the rising body temperature associated with this you may wake up. As a result, women will wake up on average over the course of the transition.
Women sleep less deeply when there are (little) children in the neighborhood. Through this instinctive vigilance , women with children’s night wake up more often than their male partner.
Women are more likely to suffer from depression, and one of the symptoms of depression is poor sleep . Although this is a vice versa, sleep disorders can also cause depression.
Striking fact is that men and women judge their sleep in a different way, so both sexes use different standards for a good sleep. Men look at how they feel asleep in the morning, and whether they are tired or not during the daytime. Women assess their sleep by the amount of sleep time and the number of times they wake up at night.
nice to know is that men and women also dream differently. Some interesting facts:
- Women dream twice about personal conflicts, and men dream more about general disasters and calamities.
- Women’s dreams occur more often indoors.
- Men’s dreams contain more and more aggression.
- During erotic dreams, men often make the ideal bed partner together while women in their dreams often have sex with someone they really know.
Individual differences in sleep behavior
That there are quite some differences in the sleep behavior of men and women will be clear. Of course, there are also large individual differences between women, and there are many other external factors that affect the quality of sleep. Important factors affecting individual differences per woman include stress, lifestyle and nutrition.