Nightmares are dreams that cause an unpleasant, emotional feeling where you wake up from. Unlike night fear you are immediately fully awake and can still remember many of the dream. Strictly speaking, a nightmare not a sleep disorder, they are only a disorder if they are so common and is disturbed by such intension to sleep. Eventually, they can suffer that someone is afraid to go to sleep, including insomnia is a consequence.
Nightmares is you usually wake up and often have to do with fear, something scary, a sense of pain, falling, drowning or dying. They are usually later in the night and take place during REM sleep or light sleep. Unlike night anxiety nightmares spend very little physical symptoms along with it. Only your heart rate and breathing can be a little elevated.
Other feelings can be a nightmare:
These feelings you feel especially during the nightmare and when you wake you remember them not so good. Often it only blurred images.
Most doctors and counselors do not know what the symptoms of nightmares in need, but usually there is no treatment. If nightmares really uncommon, a treatment may be considered, such as hypnotherapy.
There are a number of (common) things you can do to prevent nightmares:
- Every night around the same time to bed
- No alcohol, drugs or heavy meals before bedtime
- Provide a comfortable sleeping environment
- do relaxation exercises
Currently, several drugs that have overcome nightmares examined, it is too early to say whether they work.
In children nightmares can result from something bad or scary that the child has been through such a traumatic experience. The event is in some way, sometimes symbolically, back in the nightmare.
As the child gets older and learns daytime better cope with his fears and feelings, nightmares can become less frequent and less intense and eventually disappear entirely.
In adults can make nightmares have something in their daily lives. For example, fear of losing your job, divorce or financial problems, but the nightmares may also have something different everyday life. Violent events (car accident, are beaten up) or the midst of a catastrophic event (war, natural disaster) can also revive nightmares. These are often very vivid and frightening because you always relive the unpleasant event.
The use of can also cause nightmares, alcohol or drugs, this is also true for certain drugs and certain foods. Research has shown than chocolate can cause violent nightmares in people who are sensitive to it.
Taking certain medications can also cause nightmares:
- Barbiturates with a short duration of action
Discontinuation of medication can cause nightmares at: