insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. If you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, you can suffer from this, but in the middle of the night or morning wake up and can not sleep can also be insomnia again. There are three types of insomnia, namely, transient insomnia (two or three days), transient insomnia (one to four weeks) and chronic insomnia (one month or longer).
The most obvious symptom of insomnia is that you do not get to sleep or not to sleep. In addition, there are also other symptoms to look at insomnia:
- concentration problems
In people who suffer from insomnia at some time, there are some symptoms that do not often occur:
- Low energy
- High bloodpressure
- weight gain
- Feeling of sickness or malaise
The most common causes of insomnia are:
- Anxiety or stress
- Depression or other problems
- The use of certain medications
- Chronic, medical conditions that cause pain, such as arthritis or asthma
- Foods and drinks that contain stimulating substances, or which cause disturbance of the digestion
- Poor sleep habits
It is important that you determine the cause with your doctor, because only then your doctor can prescribe the best treatment for you.
There are several ways to treat insomnia, which is handling this will be the cause of insomnia.
Prescription sleep aids:
- Benzodiazepine hypnotics. Is mainly used for short-term insomnia, and they work very effectively. There are some side effects such as daytime drowsiness.
- Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics. This is the most prescribed medication for insomnia, they have the same effect as the benzodiazepine hypnotics, but not the same side effects.
- Soothing antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, antipsychotics. An advantage of these drugs is that they produce drowsiness, but the disadvantages are that they can be harmful for your heart, your sleep cycle may change and you are more likely to overdose than with hypnotics.
There are also non-prescription sleeping pills against insomnia, they can help a night, but certainly not help with chronic insomnia. Most of these products contain antihistamines, this substance makes you sleepy, but also has unpleasant side effects.
Hypnotics herbal basis:
- Melatonin . The use of melatonin appears to be reliable and work.
- Valerian root. Many patients say that valerian works.
- Chamomile tea. It has not been proven, but chamomile tea would promote deep sleep. It also creates a feeling relaxed and calm. There are a number of disadvantages: it can cause dermatitis in people who are sensitive to and interacts with physicians Jinen epilepsy. People apsrine or using a blood-thinning agent, can not use it, because the risk of increased bleeding.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy. With CBT patients are helped to change their bad sleep habits into good habits.
- Sleep Restriction. People with insomnia may by sleep restriction the time they spend in bed better adapt to the time they really sleep.
- Stimulus. With stimulus control is you trained to associate only with sleep your bedroom.
- Information sleephygïene. In education about sleep hygiene are you informed about the importance of good sleep hygiene