Hypersomnia, excessive sleepiness
People with hypersomnia are not occasional tired after a bad night or heavy exertion. They have been for a longer period so extremely sleepy that they have regular daytime nap or spontaneously disappear.
That not only happens when they sit quietly on the couch or lie down. Patients sometimes just fall asleep at an inopportune time. The middle of a meeting, if they are eating, by bike or while driving. They can not stop this.
Hypersomnia can be a symptom of another sleep disorder. In addition, other disorders can cause hypersomnia. Also, heredity may play a role in some families will be excessively sleepy more often. Hypersomnia whose cause is unknown, it is called idiopathic hypersomnia.
Possible causes of excessive sleepiness are:
- use of medication
- restless legs syndrome
- multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Pfeiffer’s disease
- head injury
- neurological problems
- drug or alcohol abuse
Excessive sleepiness interferes in your daily life. Patients feel tired, but can also memory problems and depressive symptoms get and suffer from headaches. Often leads to work or study problems. The environment has not always sympathetic to patients. Sometimes they are seen as lazy or unmotivated.
In hypersomnia can supposedly “automatic behavior” occur: you do things like on autopilot, that you’re not aware of your actions or do not remember your events.
If the underlying cause is clear, can be addressed in a number of cases. is only possible when symptoms idopathische hypersomnia. For example (stimulant) medications that keep you awake during the day.
Nevertheless, many hypersomniac patients need more hours of sleep than others. It may help to go to bed earlier and to leave alcohol and caffeinated products such as coffee. At fixed times a ‘power nap’ insertion occurs in some people that they doze at awkward moments.