Someone who is allergic to house dust mite allergy has. This is an allergic reaction to small insects that mainly live in house dust. Signs of dust mite allergy include sneezing and a runny nose. Many people with problems with dust mite allergies also experience signs of asthma, such as wheezing and other respiratory problems. House dust mite allergy can also cause difficulty in sleeping, such as, for example, snoring.
Dust mites, relatives of ticks and spiders are too small to see without a microscope. Dust mites eat skin scales and survive in warm, moist environments. Houses, bedding, upholstered furniture and carpets provide the ideal environment for dust mites.
By reducing the number of dust mites in your home, you can often keep the dust mite allergies under control. Medications and other treatments may be needed to relieve the symptoms of dust mite allergy and asthma.
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Symptoms of dust mite allergy
Dust mite allergy symptoms caused by inflammation in the nose may include the following:
- To sneeze
- Running nose
- Itchy, red or watery eyes
- Itchy nose or itchy breathing through the mouth or throat
- nasal Discharge
- Pressure and pain in the face
- Swollen skin with bruises under the eyes
- When children can frequent upward rubbing his nose in
When the dust mite allergy contributes to asthma, you can also experience the following dust mite allergy symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Borstbeklemmingen or pain
- An audible whistling or squealing when exhaling
- Trouble sleeping by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
- Fits of coughing or wheezing sounds worse by a respiratory virus such as a cold or flu
A dust mite allergy can range from mild to severe. A mild case of dust mite allergy can occasionally cause a runny nose, watery eyes and sneezing. In more severe cases, the condition can continuously survival (chronic), resulting in persistent sneezing, coughing, congestion or severe asthma attacks.
Lifestyle and home remedies
To keep a dust mite allergy under control is to avoid exposure to dust mites, the best strategy. Although you can not completely eliminate dust mites, you can reduce the number be significant.
House dust mite allergy tips
- Use allergen-free covers , pillowcases and mattress covers . Cover your mattress and pillows in dust-free or allergen-blocking sheets. These sheets, made from tightly woven fabric, ensure that dust mites can not make colonies escaping from the mattress or pillow. Put your box spring in allergen-free blankets.
- Wash bedding weekly. Wash all sheets, blankets, pillowcases and covers in hot water at at least 60 ° C in order to turn off all the dust mites and remove allergens. If the bedding is washed not hot, you can do it in the dryer for at least 30 minutes at a temperature around 60 ° C. Thereafter, the sheets must be washed and dried to remove the allergens. If the product can not be washed, it also helps to freeze them for 24 hours. This removes dust mites, but not the allergens.
- Keep the humidity low. Provide a relative humidity below 50 percent of your home. A dehumidifier or air conditioner can help in this, and a hygrometer (available at hardware stores) can measure the air humidity.
- Choose bedding wisely. Avoid bedspreads that are easily hold multiple dust and difficult to clean.
- Buy washable stuffed animals. Wash them often in hot water and dry thoroughly. Please also hugs the bed.
- To remove dust. Use a damp or oiled mop or cloth instead of dry materials to remove dust. This for coming dust from coming in the air and is re-confirmed.
- Vacuum regularly. Vacuuming carpets and upholstered furniture removed the superficial dust – but vacuuming is not effective for removing dust mites and dust mite allergens. Use a vacuum cleaner with a dual microfilterzak or a filter to reduce the emission of dust from the vacuum cleaner. If your allergies are severe, leaving the space vacuum. Let vacuuming to someone else. Expression from this space for about two hours after the vacuuming.
- Throw away junk. If the dust collects, it collects dust mites. Remove knickknacks, tables, books, magazines and newspapers out of the bedroom.
- Remove carpeting and other dust mite habitats. Carpets provide a comfortable living environment for dust mites. This is especially if the carpet is on concrete where moisture easily retained so that a moist environment for dust mites is offered. If possible, replace carpet tile, wood, linoleum or vinyl. Consider replacing other dust collecting furniture in the bedroom, such as upholstered furniture, non-washable curtains and venetian blinds.
- Use an air purifier in your home. If you suffer from hay fever, asthma or allergies, it is worth a purifier try. This removes the long term in a natural way, fine particles of up to 20 nm, and harmful gases.
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When to see a doctor?
Some signs and symptoms of dust mite allergy, such as a runny nose and sneezing, are similar to those of a common cold. Sometimes it’s hard to see through when you have a cold and when an allergic reaction. If symptoms continue for more than a week you may experience an allergic reaction.
If the signs and symptoms are severe – such as severe nasal congestion, difficulty sleeping or wheezing – you better call the doctor. Find help quickly if you have a squeaky, short or rapid breathing worsened, or if you’re quick breath with minimal activity.
Dust mites eat human skin cells. They do not drink water but absorb water from the humidity of the atmosphere. They live in temperatures between 18.5 and 29 ° C and a relative humidity of more than 50 percent.
Dust is easily retained in the fibers of bedding, furniture, cushions and carpets. These materials also retain moisture well. Therefore, the master bedroom has an ideal environment for dust mites.
Dust contains feces and carcasses of dust mites, and it is therefore the main culprit of dust mite allergy.
What causes the allergic reaction
Allergies occur when your immune system reacts to a foreign substance, such as pollen, dander or dust mites.
The immune system produces proteins known as antibodies. These protect you from unwanted invaders that can make you sick or cause an infection. If you have an allergic reaction, the immune system makes antibodies that identify the allergen as something harmful, even when it is not. When you inhale allergens or coming into contact will respond to this by your immune system to cause inflammation in the nose or lungs. Long-term or regular exposure to these allergens may be the continuous (chronic) inflammation may be related to asthma.
The following factors increase your risk of developing a dust mite allergy:
- Having a family history of allergies. You’re more likely to develop a sensitivity to dust mites and allergies more common in your family.
- Exposure to dust mites. If you are exposed to high levels of dust mites, especially at an early age increases the risk.
- Child or young adult. You’re more likely to develop mite allergy during childhood or adolescence.
-Term (chronic) inflammation of the tissues in the nasal passages caused by house dust mite allergy can impede sinuses, the cavities connected to the nose. These obstacles make you more likely to develop an infection in the sinuses (sinusitis).
People with asthma and dust mite allergies often struggle to keep asthma symptoms under control. They have a chance of asthma attacks requiring immediate medical treatment or emergency care.
Preparing for your research
If you expect a runny nose, sneezing, wheezing, shortness of breath or other symptoms related to allergies, you better start by going to the doctor. Because these agreements are generally short in nature and there must be sorted out what’s going on, it is wise to prepare yourself before you go.
What can you do
Write down any symptoms that you faced, even when perhaps nothing to do seem to have allergy-like symptoms.
- Write your family history of allergies or asthma, including specific types of allergies if you know.
- Make a list of all medications, vitamins or supplements that you are taking.
- Ask if you should stop taking your medications , such as antihistamines, which may affect the results of allergy skin test.
Drawing up a list of questions will help you make the most of the time together. For symptoms that may be related to dust mite allergy, some basic questions to your doctor the following:
- What is the most likely cause of my signs and symptoms?
- Are there other possible causes?
- Do I need allergy testing?
- Should I go to an allergy specialist?
- What is the best treatment?
- I have other health problems. How to regulate these two the best together?
- Is there a generic alternative to the medicine that has just been prescribed for me?
- What changes can I make at home to reduce my exposure to dust mites?
- The changes that you have described, which are most likely to help?
- If the earlier drugs did not help me, we can try next?
- Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can take home? What websites do you recommend?
In addition to the questions that you prepare the doctor you should not hesitate to ask questions during your appointment.
What can you expect from the doctor
Your doctor will probably ask a lot of questions. Be prepared to answer this, so you have more time to comply with other items. The doctor may ask:
- When did you start experiencing these symptoms for the first time?
- His symptoms worse at certain times of the day?
- His symptoms worse in the bedroom or other rooms of the house?
- Do you have any pets, and they come in the bedroom?
- What self-care techniques have you used, and have helped them?
- What seems to make the symptoms worse?
- Is there any moisture or water damage in your home or workplace?
- Do you have an air conditioner in the house?
Problems for people with asthma
If you’ve been diagnosed with asthma and have trouble managing it, you can talk to the doctor about the possibility of allergies. Although allergies are important factors that contribute to asthma, the effects of an allergy to asthma severity is not always clear.
The impact of a pollen allergy can be significant because this allergy is seasonal. So you can have more difficulty taking care of your asthma for a short time during the summer. House dust mite allergy, on the other hand, has a ground where you will be constantly exposed to some extent. Therefore, you may perhaps not recognize it as a complicating factor for asthma, when in fact, may be a primary cause.
What to do in the meantime
If you suspect you may have a dust mite allergy, take measures to reduce dust, especially in the bedroom. Keep your bedroom clean, remove dust and debris collected was bedding in hot water of at least 60 ° C.
Testing and diagnosis
Your doctor may suggest using dust mite allergy symptoms, an examination of your nose, and your answers to his or her questions.
He or she can look with a lighted instrument to the state of the nose. If you have an allergy to something in the air, will the lining of the nasal cavity are swollen and may look pale or blue.
Your doctor may suggest a dust mite allergy, based on your comments. For example, if the symptoms are worse when you go to bed or during cleaning – as dust mite allergens are- mainly in the air you can suffer from dust mite allergy.
If you have a pet – another common source of allergies – has, it may be difficult to determine the cause of the allergy, especially if your pet sleep in your bedroom. The source of your allergy may be clearer after you take steps to reduce the level of potential allergens in your home.
Skin allergy test
The doctor may suggest a skin test to determine what you are allergic to. You may be referred to an allergy specialist (allergist) for this test.
In this test, small amounts of purified allergen extracts – including a house dust mite extract -geprikt on the surface of the skin. This is usually done on the forearm, but can be done on the upper back.
The doctor or nurse will examine the skin for signs of allergic reactions after 15 minutes. If you are allergic to dust mites, there begins a red, itchy bump where the mite extract was pinned to develop on the skin. The most common side effects of these skin tests are itching and redness. These side effects usually go away within 30 minutes.
In some cases, a skin test can not be performed because of the presence of a skin condition or taking certain medications. Alternatively, the doctor may do a blood test, which analyzes the blood for specific allergy-causing antibodies to various common allergens such as dust mites. This test can also indicate how sensitive you are to an allergen.
Treatments and drugs
The first operation to keep dust mite allergy under control, is to avoid as far as possible from dust mites. If exposure to dust mites is minimal, it is normal when you have fewer allergic reactions or less severe reactions. It is impossible to completely eliminate dust mites from your environment. You may also need medication to keep symptoms under control.
Medications for allergies
Your doctor may prescribe one of these drugs to improve nasal symptoms of allergy:
- Antihistamines reduces the production of a chemical substance in which the immune system is active during an allergic reaction. These medications relieve itching, sneezing and runny nose.
- Corticosteroids available as a nasal spray can reduce inflammation and control symptoms of hay fever.
- Decongestant can help shrink swollen tissues in your nose and make it easier to breathe through your nose. Some commercial allergy tablets combine an antihistamine with a decongestant. Oral decongestants can raise blood pressure. In men with an enlarged prostate, the drug can worsen the condition. Ask your doctor if it is safe to use decongestants. Available as a nasal spray decongestant taken the allergy symptoms can reduce short. If you use the decongestant nasal spray more than three consecutive days, it can only make worse the nasal congestion.
- Cromolyn sodium prevents the release of a chemical in the immune system to alleviate symptoms. You have the nasal spray daily use several times, and it is most effective when used before developing the symptoms. Cromolyn sodium has no serious side effects.
- Leukotriene modifiers block the action of various immune system chemicals. Your doctor may prescribe it as a tablet.
- Immunotherapy . It is possible to “train” your immune system to be not so sensitive to an allergen. This can be done by a number of allergy prick called immunotherapy. One to two times a weather you are exposed to enormous small doses of the allergen, in this case, the animal protein that causes an allergic reaction. The dosage is gradually increased, usually for a period of three to six months. This increase of allergens must be given every four weeks for three to five years. Immunotherapy is usually used when another simple treatment does not work properly.
- Nasal irrigation . You can use a nasal rinse cleanser or a specially designed squeeze bottle to rinse annoying mucus and irritants from your sinuses prepared with salt water (saline). If you want to make the salt solution itself, please use water which is free from impurities – of distilled, sterile, previously boiled and cooled, and filtered with a filter, wherein the absolute pore size of 1 micron or less. Make the product used school with contaminated water and let it dry in the open air.