Symptoms and causes of snoring
Snoring is the sore or loud noise that occurs when your breathing is partially blocked while you sleep. Sometimes snoring may be a sign of serious illness. In addition, snoring can also be a nuisance for your partner.
At least half of adults snuggle sometimes. Snoring occurs when the air flows through the relaxed tissues in your throat, causing the tissues to vibrate as you breathe and what causes that irritating noise.
Changes in your lifestyle like losing weight, avoiding alcohol just before bedtime or sleeping on your side can help you stop snoring. In addition, there are several anti- snoring tools for sale and there is surgery available that can reduce disturbing snoring. However, these are not suitable or necessary for anyone who snores. Symptoms
Depending on the cause of snoring, you may be symptoms:
- Noise during sleep
- Excessive sleepiness during the day
- Difficulty with concentrating
- Throat pain
- Restless sleep
- Talk to breath and a suffocating feeling at night
- High bloodpressure
- Chest pain at night
Many factors, such as the anatomy of the mouth and the sinuses, alcohol consumption, allergies, colds and your weight can be the cause of snoring.
If you occasionally go to sleep from a slight sleep, the muscles will relax in the palate of your mouth (the soft palate), tongue and throat. The tissues in your throat can relax so much that they can partially block your airways and vibrate. And the more the airways are narrowed, the more powerful the airflow becomes. This causes the tissue vibrations to increase, making your snoring louder.
The following conditions may affect the airway and cause snoring:
- The anatomy of your mouth. Having a low, thick, soft palate can narrow your respiratory tract. Overweight people can have extra tissue in their throats that can narrow their airways. Even if the triangular piece of tissue that is hanging on the soft palate (the hoist) is oblong, the airflow may be obstructed and vibrations may be increased.
- Alcohol use. Snoring can also be caused by drinking too much alcohol before bedtime. Alcohol relaxes the muscles in the throat and reduces your natural defenses against obstruction.
- Nasal problems. A chronic nasal congestion or a skewed distribution between your nostrils (abnormal nasal congestion) may contribute to your snoring.
- Sleep apnea. Snoring can also be associated with obstructive sleep apnea . In this serious condition, your throat tissues partially or completely block your airways, preventing you from breathing.
Sleep apnea is often characterized by loud snoring followed by periods of silence when breathing stops or almost stops. Ultimately, this reduction or interruption of breathing can give you a signal to wake up and wake up with a loud snoring or a hissing sound. You can sleep slightly because of a disturbed sleep. This breathing pattern with interruptions can be repeated many times during the night. People with sleep apnea experience at least five times during each hour of sleep periods in which respiration slows or stops.
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Snoring risk factors
Risk factors that can contribute to snoring include:
- Man are. Men are more likely to snore or sleep apnea than women.
- Overweight. Overweight or obese people are more likely to snore or obstructive sleep apnea.
- Congested airways Some people may have a long, soft palate or large nasal or throat parts, which can limit the airways and cause snoring.
- Drinking alcohol. Alcohol relaxes your throat muscles, increasing the risk of snoring.
- Nasal problems. If you have a structural defect in your respiratory tract, such as an abnormal septum or chronic nasal congestion, the risk of snoring is greater.
- A hereditary facility for snoring or obstructive sleep apnea .
Just snoring can be more than just a nuisance. Depending on the cause of snoring, this may lead to:
- Sleepiness during the day
- Frequent frustration or anger
- Difficulty with concentrating
- A higher chance of high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke
- An increased risk of behavioral problems such as aggression or learning problems in children with obstructive sleep apnea
- An increased risk of a car accident due to lack of sleep
- Disturbance of your partner’s sleep
When should you visit a doctor
Consult your doctor if:
- You sniff so loud is that it disturbs your partner’s sleep
- You wake up to breath
These can be indications that snoring is caused by a serious condition such as sleep apnea.
If your child snores, ask a pediatrician for advice. Children may have obstructive sleep apnea.Nose and throat problems such as enlarged tonsils and obesity can narrow the child’s respiratory tract, which may cause your child to develop sleep apnea. The treatment of these conditions can help your child in many ways.
The preparation for your appointment
You have probably been to your GP first. This may have referred you to a doctor who specializes in treating sleep disorders or a clinician. Because appointments can be short and because there is often a lot to discuss, it’s a good idea to get well prepared for your appointment. Here is some information to help you prepare yourself for your appointment and what you can expect from your doctor.
What you can do
- Note all symptoms you may experience, even if they do not appear to be the reason why you planned the appointment. Ask your partner to describe what he or she hears at night while you sleep.
- Or, better ask if your partner goes with you to your appointment so that he or she can talk to your doctor about your symptoms.
- Make a list of all medicines, as well as all the vitamins or supplements you take.
- Note the questions you want to ask your doctor.
The time you have with your doctor can be limited, so compiling a list of questions can help you get the most out of your time. For snoring, some basic questions to the doctor may include:
- Why do I snore when I sleep?
- Is my snoring a sign of something serious like sleep apnea?
- What kind of research do I need?
- What happens during a snoring sleep test?
- What treatments are available for snoring and which advice do you recommend?
- What types of side effects can I expect?
- Are there any alternatives to the primary approach you suggest?
- Are there any steps I can take to reduce my snoring?
- I have other health problems,beside snoring How can I handle these together?
- Are there any brochures or other leaflets I can take home? Which websites do you recommend to visit?
In addition to the questions you have prepared to ask your doctor, do not hesitate to ask other questions during your appointment.
What can you expect from your doctor?
Your doctor will probably, like you, have a number of questions. Being prepared to answer them can save time, leaving you more time for other points you want to spend time on. Your doctor may ask you:
- When did you start snoring for the first time?
- Are you snoring every night or just for a while?
- Do you often wake up during the night?
- Is there anything that seems to reduce your complaints?
- Is there anything that seems to aggravate your complaints?
- Has your partner ever told you that you experience interruptions or irregularities in your breathing during sleep?
What you can do in the meantime
While you are waiting for your doctor’s appointment, here are some tips you can try:
- Do not drink alcohol or use tranquilizers for sleep.
- Try nose strips, anti- snoring throat spray, an anti-snap brace or other snoring tools .
- Sleep on your side instead of on your back. For this, you can use a special anti-snoring pillow .
- If a clogged nose is a problem, try a decongestant for a day or two, which you can buy at the drugstore or pharmacy.
The test and the diagnosis
To diagnose your condition your doctor will draw you, look at your symptoms and your medical history. Your doctor will also conduct a physical examination.
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Your doctor may ask your partner a few questions about when and how to sniff to help evaluate the severity of the problem. When your child snores, you are asked what the severity of snoring your child is.
Your doctor may perform a number of examinations such as an X-ray, automated tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging to control the structure of your airways for problems such as, for example, an abnormal septum.
Depending on the severity of your snoring and other symptoms, your doctor may want to perform a sleep scan. Often sleep research can be done at home. Depending on your other medical problems and other sleep symptoms, you may need to sleep in a sleep center to undergo a thorough analysis of your sleep habits by a team of specialists during a sleep scan called polysomnography.
In a polysomnography you will be connected to a large number of devices that you observe during your overnight stay. During sleep research, your brain waves, the oxygen level in your blood, heart rate and respiration, sleep stages and your eye and leg movements are recorded during sleep.
If a home-based sleep scan does not provide the required information, a polysomnography may be required.
Treatment snoring and medication
To treat your condition, your doctor will probably first advise a change in your lifestyle, such as losing weight, avoiding alcohol just before you go to sleep and changing your sleep position. If the changes in your lifestyle do not eliminate snoring, your doctor may suggest the following:
- Oral devices. Oral devices are dense dental nozzles that help promote the position of your tongue and soft palate to keep air passage open. If you choose to use an oral device, you must visit your dentist at least every six months and then check the fit at least annually and to ensure that your condition does not deteriorate. Excessive saliva flood, dry mouth, jaw and face pain may be possible side effects of wearing these devices.
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). With this approach, you wear a pressurized mask over your nose while you sleep. The mask is connected to a small pump that pushes air through your airways, leaving them open. CPAP (SEE-pap) eliminates snoring and treats sleep apnea. Although CPAP is the most reliable method for treating obstructive sleep apnea and is most effective, some people find it uncomfortable or have difficulty adjusting to the sound or the feel of the machine. If you have trouble adjusting to the machine, your doctor may adjust the device by, for example, adding a heated humidifier or nasal cushions, which can help you make you feel comfortable.
- Palatinal implants. In this procedure, also known as the Pillar procedure, doctors wrap braided strands of polyester filament into your soft palate, which reduces stiffening and snoring. Palatinal implants have no known serious side effects; However, the benefits and safety of the procedure are still being studied.
- Traditional surgery. In a procedure called uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), you get general anesthetics and your surgeon strengthens or removes the excess tissue from your throat – a kind of facelift for your throat. The risks of this procedure include bleeding, infection, pain and a clogged nose.
- Laser surgery. In a procedure called uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (LAUPPP), an outpatient outpatient surgery, your doctor uses a small manual laser to shorten the soft palate and remove your skin. Removing excess tissue increases your airways and reduces vibrations. You may need more than one treatment to control your snoring.Laser surgery and palatinal implants are generally not recommended as treatment for sleep apnea because they have not been proven to be effective. Possible risks of these procedures include pain, infection, bleeding and a clogged nose.
- Radio frequency tissue ablation (somnoplastics). In this outpatient procedure you will get local anesthesia. Physicians use a low intensity radio frequency signal to shrink the tissue in the soft palate and help reduce snoring. The effectiveness of this newer procedure needs to be further explored. Usually this procedure is less painful than other types of snoring surgery.
Lifestyle tips and home remedies against snoring
To prevent or reduce snoring, try these snoring tips:
- If you are too heavy you must lose weight. Overweight people can have extra throat tissue that can help snoring. Loss can help reduce snoring.
- Sleep on your side. Lie on your back, drop your tongue back in your throat, it reduces your airways and partially obstructs airflow. Try to sleep on your side. If you notice that in the middle of the night you end up on your back, try to sew a tennis ball in the back of your pajamas or buy a special pillow against snoring .
- To your head of your bed. Raising your head by 10 centimeters of your bed can help.
- Nose strips. Nose plastering helps many people increase the area of their nasal cavity, which improves their breathing. However, these strips are not effective for people with sleep apnea.
- Treatment for a nasal congestion or obstruction. Having allergies or an abnormal septum can limit airflow through your nose. This forces you to breathe through your mouth, increasing the chance of snoring. Use an oral or decongestant spray for acute congestion no longer than three days in a row unless otherwise prescribed by your doctor. Long-term use of these medicines can have an opposite effect and make your congestion worse. Ask your doctor for a recipe for a steroid spray if you have a chronic congestion. To correct a structural defect in your respiratory tract such as an abnormal septum, an operation may be required.
- Limit or avoid alcohol and tranquilizers. Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages for at least two hours and let your doctor know that you are snoring before using sedativa.Calming agents and alcohol cause pressure on your central nervous system which causes excessive relaxation of the muscles, including the throat tissues.
Alternative anti-snoring medicine
Because snoring is such a common problem, there are many products like nasal spray or homeopathic therapies for sale. However, most of the products have not been proven effectively in clinical trials. For example, MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) is marketed in a nasal drop formula as a snoring treatment, but there is no evidence that that has any effect on snoring.
Therapies that can help relieve snoring include:
- Didgeridoo. Playing the didgeridoo, a musical instrument that produces a dazzling sound can help to train the upper respiratory muscles and reduce sleepiness during the daytime. Researchers have evaluated the use of the instrument in people with sleep apnea who complained about snoring. Research has shown that those who played the instrument for about 25 minutes a day most days of the week experienced less sleepiness – a complication of sleep apnea and snoring. However, this research is preliminary and needs further research. Also, the same benefits have not been found in surveys in people who play brass instruments.
- Sing. Singing can help improve muscle control over the soft palate and upper throat. A preliminary study showed a drop in snoring among participants, who performed singing exercises for 20 minutes a day for three months. Snoring at these participants began at an adult age, they had no nose problems and were not too heavy. This technique requires more research.
Deal with and support snoring
If your partner is the one who snores, you can sometimes feel frustrated and tired. Suggest some of the home Snoring remedies and if they do not help stop your partner’s nightly snoring noise, make sure your partner makes an appointment with a doctor.
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