Sleeping at night is not for everyone. Many people suffer from a sleep disorder , sleeping poorly or sometimes not at all. We speak of a sleep disorder when someone suffers sleep problems over a long period of time. What sleep disorders are there and which of these are the most common? In this article an overview of 5 common sleep disorders.
Insomnia , or insomnia, is the most common sleep disorder and perhaps one of the most annoying sleep disorders. Insomnia simply means that someone can not sleep. Somebody with insomnia can not sleep, wakes up several times at night or can not sleep early in the morning. Extremely annoying and frustrating, especially if you just have to go to work the next day and wait for your daily activities.
Insomnia may be caused by stress and an unhealthy way of life, such as poor sleep rhythm and often go to sleep , excessive alcohol consumption, wrong evening habits (see article evening ritual ), unhealthy eating and / or eating a heavy evening meal and an unhealthy lifestyle in general. In many cases, insomnia can be countered by addressing these causes and adjusting your habits and lifestyle. By observing these habits (such as rhythm in your sleep time) you can build a good sleep rhythm and reduce sleeplessness.
2. Sleeping napkin
One of the most common sleep disorders is sleep apnea with a disturbed breathing during sleep. Sleep apnea is a serious disorder that is not only bad for your sleep but can also lead to other physical problems, such as cardiac arrhythmia and high blood pressure. In sleep apnea, a person has night apnea – breathing breaks of several seconds while sleeping. Everyone has sleep apnea at night, but someone who suffers from sleep apnea suffers from a much higher rate (higher frequency), resulting in a less deep sleep. During these moments there is no air and therefore no oxygen in the lungs. This allows the sleeper to wake up to breathe after which he or she falls asleep again.
Symptoms of sleep apnea are severe snoring with long pulling and extreme fatigue during the daytime sleep. Sleep apnea interferes with sleep rhythm, which can lead to daytime tiredness, headache, concentration problems and even depression.
In the presumption of sleep apnea, it is advisable to report this to your GP and it is possible to have this investigated in a sleep center. A special mask (CPAP mask) that keeps the airway open during the night can help sleep apnea. Smoking and alcohol also have a negative effect on sleep apnea and halting it can help to reduce the complaints. In addition to these bad habits, overweight is also an offender and loses an important step to reduce sleep apnea.
3. Night anxiety
Bathing in the sweat wakes up and no longer know where you are; high chance of having a nightmare ! Night anxiety, or Pavor Nocturnus, is a sleep disorder that occurs especially in children (3-12j). A person with night anxiety shows panic attacks during sleep, which can express themselves in shouting, hitting, excessive sweating and high heart rate. In addition, those often open up in bed with their eyes open and seem to wake up. Night anxiety does not do much for your sleep; Somebody with panic attacks often just goes to sleep. However, the danger of night anxiety is that the person concerned can injure himself. He or she can jump out of bed by bedtime or as a result of the panic attacks.
4. Restless legs
People with restless legs experience a itchy, burning or tingling sensation in the legs (and often when they want to sleep). At the time of rest, this feeling is worse. In addition, they tend to move their legs constantly, because only this seems to help with the nasty feeling. Constant restlessness makes it difficult to fall asleep. This allows people with restless legs to get tired and sleep disturbance can occur. Healthy living (moderate caffeine and alcohol consumption), good sleep comfort and a lot of movement helps with these restless legs.
People with sleep disorder narcolepsy have a continuous urge to sleep and fall asleep very easily. In addition, narcolepsy can be associated with uncontrollable sleep attacks. These sleep attacks can only happen during the day, even during normal activities, and even if there is no sleep deprivation . These sleep attacks occur mainly during periods of tension or just in case of boring events. The symptoms usually begin between 15-25 years and narcolepsy is associated with a damage to the amygdala in the brain. Medications can reduce the complaints (it is impossible to completely eliminate the complaints). It may help to wrap sleep moments during the day, so that the sleep attacks are at least planned in advance.
Do you recognize the symptoms of these sleep disorders? Or do you recognize the symptoms with someone else? Help him or her than by pointing this person to this article.